Shift2MaaS’ concepts and solutions will be investigated, validated and evaluated in three different demonstration sites. Demonstrations of the solutions are important for two reasons.

First, they provide data from the real world that can improve the developed solutions by understanding them better and measuring the impact on the end-user. Furthermore, understanding how the applicability of the solutions might be hindered by policy, regulations, technology uptake, legacy systems readiness, and other factors, is another matter that should be addressed in order to achieve successful implementation of the product or service. Second, it is important that the solution actually corresponds to the real world and addresses problems passengers face in the real world.